An undersea volcano near Italy could erupt at any moment and launch a terrible tsunami that would have the potential to kill many people.
From the French Press Agency—
“Europe’s largest undersea volcano could disintegrate and unleash a tsunami that would engulf southern Italy “at any time”, a prominent vulcanologist warned in an interview published Monday. The Marsili volcano, which is bursting with magma, has “fragile walls” that could collapse, Enzo Boschi told the leading daily Corriere della Sera. “It could even happen tomorrow,” said Boschi, president of the National Institute of Geophysics and Volcanology (INGV). “Our latest research shows that the volcano is not structurally solid, its walls are fragile, the magma chamber is of sizeable dimensions,” he said. “All that tells us that the volcano is active and could begin erupting at any time.” The event would result in “a strong tsunami that could strike the coasts of Campania, Calabria and Sicily,” Boschi said. The undersea Marsili, 3,000 meters (9,800 feet) tall and located some 150 kilometres (90 miles) southwest of Naples, has not erupted since the start of recorded history.”
I guess you are just sailing along and there it goes.
There is also something called an undersea mud volcano. They have these even in the nearby Gulf of Mexico.
These types of volcanoes seem dirty. They cover the sea floor with mud and goo.
Even more surprising then undersea mud volcanoes (At least I had never heard of them before I wrote this post) , the Gulf of Mexico may be the only place in the world where there are undersea asphalt volcanoes.
Here is how this works—
“When special microorganisms deep below the seafloor degrade petroleum, asphalt remains as a waste product. It is not unusual to find small amounts of this, but in some places in the Gulf of Mexico the asphalt covers more than a square kilometer of sea bottom. The researchers christened one of the mounds “Chapopote”, after the Aztec word for asphalt.”
These facts about asphalt volcanoes come from the Center for Marine Environmental Studies at the University of Breman. This is a university in Germany.
There is an underwater volcano in the Pacific Ocean where many eels live and where there is an odd film of yellow microbe life.
Below is a picture of that undersea volcano.
Here is a You Tube video of an undersea volcano eruption near the Pacific Ocean nation of Tonga.
The Tonga eruption took place last year. There was concern that this eruption would lead to a tsunami. Fortunately , it did not.
It has been undersea earthquakes that have caused recent tsunamis. However, tsunamis can also be caused by undersea volcanoes. This is just the concern about the undersea volcano near Italy.
“Less commonly, volcanic eruptions can initiate a tsunami – this happens in several ways: if an underwater volcano erupts, the hot lava may heat the surrounding seawater quickly and explosively; massive flows of volcanic debris such as ash can travel down the side of a land volcano and into the ocean, pushing water outwards as it does so; the top of an underwater volcano may collapse downwards, so that the overlying water also drops when compared to water that is further away”
Our Ambassador to Japan is one John V. Roos.
Here is the Pacific Tsunami Warning Center of the National Weather Service.
Here are basic facts about volcanoes from National Geographic.
I hope that things turn out okay in Italy.
Texas Liberal Live Blogging Of Super Tuesday Is Up & Running—(And Now That The Day Is Done, It Is Still Worth Reading!)
Huckabee Wins W.V.—-6:00 PM
Mike Huckabee got his Super Tuesday started right by winning the West Virgina Republican convention. He takes all 18 delegates from West Virginia.
What a shock that Republicans have winner take all primaries and conventions!
West Virginia was one the most Democratic states until George W. Bush won it in 2000 and 2004. It seems 71% of West Virginians live in a gun-owning household. I wonder if gun ownership entitles those folks to health insurance?
John Kennedy’s 1960 primary win in West Virgina over Hubert Humphrey proved a Catholic could win an overwhelmingly Protestant state.
Obama Takes Georgia—6:00 PM
Barack Obama has been called as the winner of the Georgia Democratic primary.
Georgia is 29% black. This means the Democratic electorate in Georgia has many blacks.
President Bush won Georgia with 58% in 2004. That means Georgia whites vote strongly Republican.
If Mr. Obama is nominated, by how much will Southern black turnout increase? Will Southern whites be open to a black candidate? CNN says Mr. Obama won 40% of the white vote in Georgia. But a Democratic primary is different from a General Election.
Wrong To Bribe Voters, But Okay To Give Them Alcohol—6:15 PM
Today I was reading America’s Three Regimes—A New Political History by Morton Keller.
Here is what this book says about 18th Century Southern elections—
“…there was much treating of voters to drinks on Election Day—”swilling the planters with bumbo”—just as in English towns. But there appears to have been little overt vote buying of the sort common in 18th century English parliamentary elections.”
Seems like progress. I would not refuse a drink at the polls.
McCain Best In Connecticut—7:00 PM
John McCain has won Connecticut.
Mr. McCain had the endorsement of Connecticut Senator Joe Liberman. Mr. Liberman’s endorsement might help Mr. McCain with so-called “Independent” voters in November. It seems less clear this endorsement will help with the more conservative voters Mr. McCain is struggling to win.
Unlike G.W.H Bush In 1980, Romney & Obama Win Home States—7:17 PM
Mitt Romney has won his home state of Massachusetts and Barack Obama has won his home state of Illinois.
It’s reassuring to win your home state
The first George Bush lost his home state of Texas to Ronald Reagan in the 1980 Texas Republican primary. The margin was 51–47%.
Hillary Clinton Projected In Oklahoma–Oklahoma 2nd Best State For Socialist Eugene Debs In 1912—7:25 PM
Hillary Clinton is the projected winner in Oklahoma.
Oklahoma is one state Democrats will be avoiding in the general election campaign. President Bush won the Sooner State 60-38 in 2000 and 66-34 in 2004.
Oklahoma voters were not always so misguided. The great Socialist Eugene V. Debs won 16.4% of the Oklahoma vote for President in 1912. Nevada was the best Debs’ state that year. His national total was 6%.
I have faith in the people of Oklahoma and I know they will wake up someday soon.
McCain Winner In Tiny Delaware—He Could Be A Threat In Some Northeastern & Middle Atlantic States—7:50 PM
John McCain has won Delaware. This goes with wins already tonight in Connecticut and New Jersey. All three of these Atlantic seaboard states have voted for Democrats for President in recent elections.
If there is any Republican who could make a run at these places next fall it would be Mr. McCain.
Delaware was the only state to vote for the winner in every Presidential election between 1952 and 1996. In 2000 and 2004 Democrats carried Delaware.
Italy Moves Towards Elections—Rest Of The World Continues To Exist– 8:15PM
The center left government of Prime Minister Romano Prodi has lost its governing majority and an election seems likely within the next two months. Regretfully, conservative Silvio Berlusconi may return yet again as Prime Minister. Based on the last few Italian elections, it will be close.
No matter how focused we are on ourselves, the rest of the world still exists.
Obama Is Alabama Winner–2nd Black Man To Win That Primary— 8:35 PM
Between 1932 and 1944, Franklin Roosevelt won at least 81% of the vote in the one-party Solid South state of Alabama.
In 1948, after Harry Truman desegregated the army, Strom Thurmond, running on a States Rights ticket, won 80% of the vote.
Now Barack Obama has won the Alabama Democratic primary. He is in fact the second black man to do so. Jesse Jackson won it in 1988.
Obama Winner In Kansas—Governor There Possible VP, But She Most Likely Could Not Deliver Her State—9:24PM
Senator Obama has won Kansas. That state’s governor, Kathleen Sebelius, has been out working for Mr. Obama and has been mentioned as a possible running mate. But Kansas is so Republican that I don’t think she deliver Kansas on Election Day.
That would be just as John Edwards did not help in North Carolina in 2004, or Lloyd Bentsen did not help Democrats in Texas in 1988.
With the Electoral College map so tight, a potential running mate needs to be able to put a state in play. Kansas is not such a state for Democrats.
Romney says losing is “fun and exciting.”—9:38PM
Well, he did say “fun and exciting” and he was referencing the campaign—But I am paraphrasing to a degree. Romney said he is going to stay in the race past tonight.
Governor Romney’s father, former Governor George Romney of Michigan, won exactly 3,830 Republican primary votes when he ran for President in 1968. So there is at least one threshold the son has surpassed.
Obama First In Minnesota Caucus—I Think Paul Wellstone Would Have Been Pleased—10:09 PM
I can’t know for a fact, but I think the great liberal Paul Wellstone of Minnesota would have taken to the campaign of Senator Obama. Here is the link to Wellstone Action! They do a lot of good work for the liberal and progressive side of the debate.
McCain Makes Lousy Surrender Comment—10:30 PM
I had the misfortune of watching Senator McCain on CNN today. He was saying that Democrats who favored a times withdrawal from Iraq were advocating “surrender.”
What does “surrender”mean here? Does Senator McCain think that Democrats advocate American troops in Iraq turning over their weapons to the militants and asking for mercy? That’s what surrender is.
Would a real man of honor make such a comment? No Democrat supports any type of surrender.
Huckabee Somewhere Between George W. Bush and Pat Robertson–11:00 PM
Mike Huckabee has won Georgia, Arkansas, West Virginia and Alabama this evening. He says he is in the race to stay.
Governor Huckabee has the string support of Evangelical Christians. Evangelicals played a large role in the nomination of George W. Bush in 2000. But Bush also had the support of low-tax conservatives and the Republican establishment. Governor Huckabee is no George Bush.
On the other hand, he is more of a candidate than was Pat Robertson in 1988. Mr. Robertson never won a primary and as a “message candidate” won only 9% of primary voters. Running the same year on the other side, Jesse Jackson won 29% of Democratic primary voters.
So Mr. Huckabee is more than Pat Robertson was in 1988–Though that will not be nearly enough.
McCain in California And Missouri– Can Schwarzenegger Make McCain Viable In California This Fall? 11:36 PM
All night we’ve been hearing McCain had not made the knock-out punch. Well, it seems to me he at least has everybody else on the ropes pretty good. These two late night wins are most helpful to Mr. McCain.
An even bigger question than who will win the California primary tonight, will be is the more moderate Westerner McCain viable in California in November. You can bet that subject is already on the Republican radar. Just forcing the Democratic nominee to campaign in California this fall will be a Republican victory.
I’m certain McCain supporter Arnold Schwarzenegger is already thinking it out. (While his wife Maria Shriver will no doubt continue her work for Senator Obama.)
Signing Off With Obama’s Alaska Win—The Race Now Moves On Texas, Ohio & Other Points–12:08 AM
Barack Obama is the winner is Alaska.
The race now moves on to Texas, Ohio, and other points.