2010 BP Gulf Of Mexico Oil Spill Facts & History
(Blogger’s note—This is the second version of the Texas Liberal Gulf of Mexico facts and history post. There are links here to learn about the BP/Transocean disaster, to learn some background on past spills and about oil in general, and to learn about some of the areas impacted by the spill. The posts ends with an extensive collection of links to stories about the disaster I’ve collected since my first spill post began on April 30. If there is a link you feel I should add, please make a suggestion. Thanks for reading Texas Liberal.)
(I’ll be on the road for a few days, but his post still has many links about the spill and the collection of articles I list is a good history of the events of the disaster.)
7/16/10–The leak is stopped, but there will still be some time before it is known if this will be the final fix.
7/16/10–Here is how the capping of the leak is seen in the U.K.
7/16/10—The test cap is working so far, but the government is not yet convinced. This is as of 6 PM central time.
The Houston Chronicle has a web page with all the ongoing coverage of the spill.
Here is oil spill coverage from the great liberal magazine Mother Jones.
Here is the C-Span oil spill page with many video clips and links.
Here is the USA Today page on the spill.
The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration has daily updates on the disaster.
The University of Georgia Department of Marine Sciences has a blog on the spill.
Here is the web home of the coordinated federal response to the Deepwater Horizon disaster.
Here is the blog of the Louisiana Environmental Action Network.
Here is the White House energy and environment blog.
Here is the live spillcam from PBS.
Here is the BP blog on the spill response.
Here is the Greenpeace contest to help design a new logo for BP.
Here is oil spill coverage from the Pensacola News-Journal.
Here is the daily coverage from the New Orleans Times-Picayune.
Here is the online site of Alabama newspapers covering the spill.
The Gulf of Mexico Foundation has many facts about the Gulf and about groups that advocate for the Gulf.
Here is the National Hurricane Center. You can track the storms as they enter the Gulf and cause yet more trouble.
Here is a list of four environmental disasters worse than the Deepwater Horizon spill.
This NY Times column says it is not enough to boycott BP stations if you want to hurt BP. What you would really have to do is use less oil.
With the spill larger than the Exxon Valdez disaster, here are many facts about the Exxon Valdez.
Here is a report on a question many have wondered about—With all this oil in the Gulf, what will happen if there is a hurricane?
Here is an essay from the Nature Conservancy about Gulf Coast prairies and marshes.
The web site Green living tips, written in Australia, has some of the specifics on the harmful impacts of an oil spill.
From the Green Living facts —
“When oil is spilled in waterways, it spreads very quickly with the help of wind and currents. …When oil starts mixing in water, it can change composition and becomes what’s known as “mousse”. This is a sticky substance that clings even more to whatever it comes in contact with. Many marine animals don’t know to avoid a slick and some fish may even be attracted to it as it can resemble food.”
The National Institutes of Health has an excellent web page of resources to learn about the effect of oil spills.
Here is a picture gallery of major oil spills from the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration.
Here is a list of the ten biggest oil spills ever.
Here are useful facts on just what exactly oil is and where it come from.
Here is a list of the some of the things that oil is used for in our world.
Here is what is like to work on an offshore rig.
History of the spill—
Here is the CNN report from the day the Deepwater Horizon explosion took place. This was on April 21.
4/30/10–The first of the oil may have reached the Louisiana Gulf coast.
5/1/10–Some feel BP has not done all it could to address the disaster.
5/1/10–Here is what a worst case scenario would look like as the oil keeps spewing out.
5/1/10–Commercial fishers in Louisiana are concerned.
5/1/10–President Obama will be visiting the Gulf to see the spill.
5/2/10–The BBC has a number of reports on the spill. This provides some sense on how the rest of the world sees what is taking place.
5/2/10–Interior Secretary Salazar believes the flow of oil can be stemmed, but the timeline for this is not clear.
5/2/10—National Public Radio offers this report on a 1980 Gulf of Mexico leak that took a year to plug.
5/2/10–Politico reports that blame is being assessed in a way that mimics the Hurricane Katrina Gulf coast disaster.
5/2/10–BP has held a press conference discussing the spill.
5/3/10–President Obama asserts that BP will pay the full cost of the cleanup.
5/3/10—The Louisiana seafood industry is waiting to assess the impact of the oil.
5/3/10–The Austin, Minnesota Daily Herald says it is even more clear we must find new energy sources so that we use less oil.
5/3/10–This N.Y. Times story discusses how bad the spill really is and how bad it may or may not become.
5/4/10–It may still be three days before oil hits the Gulf coast.
5/4/10–Some BP shareholders are angry at the company because they feel BP did not do enough in advance to prevent the spill.
5/4/10–-Some are concerned that the chemicals being used to clean the spill are also harmful to the ocean and to wildlife.
5/4/10–The Democratic nominee for Governor of Texas, Bill White of Houston, offered his views on the explosion and spill.
5/5/10—Here is an excellent report from National Public Radio that is a timeline of what has taken place since the initial explosion.
5/5/10—The Winnipeg Free Press asks what the spill will do to gas prices.
5/5/10–Here is a report on damage to the underwater environment.
(Below–The Deepwater Horizon rig before the explosion.)
5/6/10–A U. of Miami professor says the oil is entering currents that would send it up the U.S. east coast.
5/6/10—Here is a story about the containment dome that will, hopefully, stop the ongoing flow of water into the ocean.
5/7/10—Here is a story about a “social networking crisis map” of the spill.
5/7/10—One idea to help keep the oil from reaching land is to increase the flow of water entering the Gulf from the Mississippi River.
5/7/10—Here is a report on the progress of the metal box that was built to contain the leak.
5/8/10—Efforts to place a big dome over the spill are not going so well.
5/8/10—NASA has made an infrared image of the extent of the oil in the Gulf.
5/9/10–The containment box has been parked on the bottom of the ocean and another effort will be made soon to use the box again.
5/10/10–The next solution to be attempted to plug the leak will be to blast garbage into the pipes that are spewing the oil.
5/10/10–-BP is spraying more chemicals into the Gulf to stop the oil from spreading.
5/11/10–Hearings are being held in Washington today to get the causes of the disaster.
5/11/10—The first hearings have been held. Shocker–Nobody said they were at fault.
5/12/10—Here is a BBC map where you can track the extent of the oil slick from the beginning to the current day.
5/12-10–BP thinks they may have a solution to the ongoing leak. There is also a video in this report of the oil gushing into the sea.
5/13/10—Tar balls are beginning to show up on the Gulf coast.
5/13/10–-The President of BP, Tony Hayward, says his job is on the line over the spill. No kidding.
5/13/10—Criminal charges are being considered for this disaster.
5/13/10—It is proving difficult to calculate just how much oil is being leaked into the ocean each day.
5/14/10–The latest efforts to stop the oil.
5/14/10—President Obama had harsh words for the companies and federal regulators involved in the spill.
5/15/10–Some accuse BP of using the Gulf as a “Toxic Testing Ground.”
5/15/10–Here is a video of what it is like to actually be on the Gulf where the oil is floating around.
5/16/10–Large amounts of oil are being found underwater.
5/16/10–Tourism at some Gulf of Mexico beaches has begun to suffer.
5/16/10—The combination of the use of chemicals to treat the oil and likelihood of hurricanes in the Gulf could cause the oil to appear on the Gulf coast for years to come.
5/16/10—Progress is finally being made in diverting some of the oil away from spilling into the ocean.
5/17/10—The oil may soon be headed up the Atlantic coast.
5/17/10–Here is the latest on BP’s efforts to stop the spill.
5/17/10–President Obama will be setting up a panel to investigate the spill.
5/18/10—Tarballs have been found at Key West. Update to the update–These tarballs were not from the Gulf spill. They were from some other source. I’m not sure if that is good news or not.
5/18/10–-BP says they have spent $625 million cleaning up the spill. I guess they will be passing that on to consumers.
5/18/10—BP had little planning in place for a disaster such as they one that has occurred.
5/18/10-–Here are four videos of the leak under the sea.
5/19/10--Here is a story suggesting what type of new federal oversight is needed to prevent another spill of this kind.
5/19/10—The American Veterinary Medicine Association says responders are ready to deal with wildlife harmed by oil. Though to this point there have few animals found that have impacted.
5/19/10—The European Space Agency says it has photos showing that oil is headed towards coral reefs off the coast of Florida.
5/19/10--BP does not seem to have a plan in place to help Vietnamese immigrant fishermen who are losing business to the spill.
5/20/10–The U.S. and Cuba are discussing the possible effects of the spill on Cuba.
5/20/10—Self-regulating oil companies are the norm around the world.
5/20/10—A so-called “top kill” procedure will be tried this upcoming Sunday to stop the leak.
5/20/10—Here are where things stand as of noon Central Time.
5/21/10–BP denies covering up the extent of the spill.
5/21/10—A New Orleans Times-Picayune editorial directs the blame at BP for the spill.
5/22/10–The Hindu newspaper in India has written a report about the commission President Obama has formed to investigate the spill.
5/22/10–Here is the latest forecast for where the oil is headed.
5/22/10–For all the talk about using hair to stop the spill, it turns out that such an idea will not work.
5/22/10—A leading scientist for the National Wildlife Federation discusses the effect the oil may have on marine life.
5/23/10 —Where the spill stands as of the morning of the 23rd.
5/23/10–Off shore drilling is banned in British Columbia, Canada and that is not going to change anytime soon.
5/23/10—Folks are mad in Louisiana. Though I wonder how many of these folks drive gas-guzzling SUV’s and broke the laws about proper fishing from their fishing boats.)
5/23/10–BP may not be able to start the latest attempt to stop the oil until this Wednesday.
5/23/10–Here is what folks in Canada are reading about Interior Secretary Salazar criticizing BP.
5/24/10—Here is the latest. The oil is still belching into the ocean and the costs of the cleanup keep rising.
5/24/10—Is it feasible for the government to take the lead role in the cleanup from BP?
5/24/10–Most Texans say they still support offshore drilling on the Gulf. I imagine they do support that rather than giving up the big trucks.
5/25/10–The NY Times has report about the situation in Louisiana as oil hits the shore.
5/25/10—There is disagreement in the Senate over to what extent BP should be liable for the spill. Republicans want to limit how much BP should have to pay.
5/25/10—BP also had a part in the poor response to the Exxon Valdez disaster in Alaska in 1989.
(Below–The Deepwater Horizon rig after the explosion.)
5/26/10–President Obama will hold a news conference on tomorrow. Here are five questions about the government’s handling of the spill that a Washington Post reporter thinks should be asked of the President.
5/26/10—Here is how the Voice of America is reporting the so-called “Top Kill” effort to plug the leak.
5/26/10—People are still staying at Gulf Coast hotels.
5/26/10–Here is a 42 second video of an eel investigating the gusher of oil beneath the sea.
5/26/10—Here is a report on the Top Kill as of 10 PM CDT.
5/27/10–Rather than the 5,000 barrels a day we’ve been hearing for weeks, the leak has been 12,000 to 19,000 barrels a day.
5/27/10–The Coast Guard says that Top Kill is working.
5/27/10–The public has questions about how the President has handled the spill.
5/28/10—The flow of oil has been stopped for the time being. But it is not a given that this will last.
5/28-10–President Obama is going to the Gulf Coast for a second time since the spill began.
5/29/10—Scientists believe there are large plumes of oil floating around under the sea.
5/29/10–25% of the Gulf of Mexico is now closed to fishing.
5/30/10–It may not be until August before the oil stops gushing.
5/30/10—The White House is becoming more confrontational with BP.
5/31/10–The British newspaper The Mirror says “Obama Furious at Oil Spill Hell.”
5/31/10–-Here is a review from CNN of where things stand at the moment.
6/1/10—After the failure of Top Kill, Bp’s shares in London are at their lowest price since April of ’09.
6/1/10–President Obama will be meeting today with his new oil spill prevention commission.
6/2/10—Prices of BP shares continue to decline.
6/2/10--The oil is advancing on Pensacola, Florida.
6/3/10--This may not surprise you, but BP says they were not ready for this accident.
6/3/10—A new permit has been allowed for offshore drilling within 50 miles of the Louisiana coast. This is a bit difficult for me to understand given the events of the moment.
6/4/10—President Obama is putting off a trip to Asia to deal with the spill.
6/4/10—They are getting ready for the oil in Florida.
6/4/10–Laura Bush says President Obama should not be blamed for the spill.
6/5/10–President Obama made his weekly five-minute address form the Louisiana coast. You can watch the speech from this Voice of America link.
6/5/10—The Miami Herald has this story about “oil globs” washing up in Pensacola.
6/5/10–Here is how The Age newspaper in Australia sees the threat to Florida poised by the oil spill.
6/6/10–-Some are saying that BP in North America should be placed under temporary government control until this matter is resolved.
6/6/10—The President of BP says he will not quit over the spill.
6/6/10–The Pensacola News-Journal says people are still going to the beach despite some oil at the beaches.
6/7/10–Time magazine asks if the oil could reach Europe.
6/7/10—This analyst says that the future of BP may be in doubt.
6/7/10–People are concerned about the possible health effects of the oil spill. But these effects may not as bad as feared.
6/8/10–-President Obama says the BP CEO should be fired.
6/8/10–-The Toronto Star says that a spill such as the current one that took place in frozen Canadian waters would be even more difficult to clean.
6/9/10–The first signs have been posted on Florida beaches warning people about oil.
6/9/10–BP share prices are at the lowest point in 14 years.
6/9/10—What public policy changes and what conservation measures by average folks would prevent another terrible spill?
6/10/10–President Obama will be meeting today with families of the people who died in the rig explosion.
6/10/10--Here are three audio accounts from the BBC of people in Louisiana who have been impacted by the spill.
6/10/10–Folks in Louisiana are upset with the slow pace that BP is paying out damage claims.
6/11/10—British Prime Minister David Cameron will be discussing BP with President Obama tomorrow. There is pressure in Britain for the Prime Minister to defend BP.
6/11/10–Plans to burn the oil are raising health concerns.
6/11/10–Here is how the Pensacola News-Journal is reporting the advancing oil.
6/12//10–The price of shrimp is likely to rise.
6/12/10—Florida has resisted offshore drilling, yet now they are being nailed by a huge spill. All they did in Florida was a lot of damage to the Everglades.
6/13/10—Some Folks in Britain feel they are being bashed.
6/13/10—BP is putting some sensors around the leak to get a better sense of how much oil is being spewed. I’m glad they could finally get around to that.
6/14/10—President Obama has compared the oil spill to 9/11 in some respects.
6/14/10–BP may be punished by the U.S. government with the loss of operation in the U.S.
6/15/10—Oil company chiefs are telling a House committee that the BP spill is an event not likely to be repeated. Sure.
6/15/10–-Here is a list illustrating how the amount of oil said to be leaking has gone up and up and up since the disaster began.
6/15/10—President Obama says the best way to help the Gulf is to come to the Gulf and spend money.
6/16/10–This BBC report is about small coastal communities in Alabama dealing with the spill. The Mayor of one of these towns says domestic violence is up in his town as people face job losses. Though that is really no excuse.
6/16/10–Here is how the Indian newspaper The Hindu reported the President’s speech.
6/17/10—It is not just the oil that needs to be cleaned up, it is the role of the money from big oil in our politics.
6/17/10—Here is the video of the heckler removed the Tony Hayward testimony.
6/18/10—BP CEO Tony Hayward went before Congress yesterday, but it is not clear that much was learned.
6/18/10—Here is a quick round-up of where things stand with spill on the morning of June 18.
6/19/10—Congressman Joe Barton of Texas seems to have gone into hiding since he apologized to BP.
6/19/10– Congressman Barton’s views are not far from the views of the Republican Party. These folks do in fact feel that BP has been wronged.
6/20/10—Interior Secretary Ken Salazar is under pressure from the White House to do a good job in handling the spill.
6/20/10—The President’s Chief of Staff said today that Republican views in favor of BP are dangerous for the American people.
6/20/10-–BP had reason before the spill to know that the impact of an incident such as this could be very severe. It does make seem to make the case that BP lied at first about how much oil was leaking.
6/21/10–BP says the costs of dealing with the spill have reached $2 billion.
6/21/10–Here is a story that attempts to illustrate how much oil has spewed into the sea. From this story– “More not-so-dreadful context: The amount of oil spilled so far could only fill the cavernous New Orleans Superdome about one-seventh of the way up. On the other hand, it could fill 15 Washington Monuments. If the oil were poured on a football field — complete with endzones — it would measure nearly 100 yards high.Therehave been many large oil spills in the past.”
6/22/10—–A judge who owns shares in energy companies has blocked President Obama’s deepwater drilling ban.
6/23/10—Republicans will not demote Congressman Joe Barton from his high committee post for his apologizing to BP. If Republicans gain control of the House in 2010, Mr. Barton will be the main person in Houser on oil industry issues.
6/23/10–Here is the latest on the spill as of the afternoon of June 23.
6/24/10–Here is the latest as of the morning of June 24.
6/24/10–Despite all the trouble, Louisiana remains loyal to big oil and to underwater drilling.
6/25/10—BP says the relief well will be completed in mid-august.
6/25/10—Gulf seafood is safe to eat at this point.
6/25/10—Nobody knows for sure how much oil is leaking into the Gulf.
6/26/10—While it is early, current predictions do not have tropical storm Alex passing over the site of the oil spill.
6/26/10—Of course, those predictions could be wrong. And even gail force winds, winds not as strong as a hurricane, could cause efforts to stop the oil leak to be curtailed for two weeks.
6/27/10–Tropical Storm Alex is likely to miss the oil spill area, but even large waves in the Gulf could make clean-up efforts more difficult.
6/29/10–Uniformed police, paid for by BP, are denying access to the oiled beaches and waters.
7/3/10–The Deepwater Horizon rig was registered in the nation of the Marshall Islands so as to avoid American taxes. Yet at the same time, American taxpayers subsidize a number of tax breaks to BP and other big oil companies.
7/5/10—The first tar balls have shown up on Texas beaches. Though they may have been brought in by an oiled ship.
7/6/10–The Coast Guard and BP continue to block media access to the spill.
7/6/10–Here is an assessment of the overall health of the Gulf of Mexico.
7/6/10–Promises BP made some weeks ago about how much oil they could skim and recover from the ocean have not been kept.
7/7/10—BP says that the relief wells being dug to stop the leak are ahead of schedule. Though it will still be August before the wells are completed.
7/7/10– You have likely reached this post by way of a search engine, but internet traffic related to the spill has been falling for a few weeks now.
7/8/10—BP is moving up the date to the completion of the relief well to the third week of July. Though the Coast Guard has not yet bought into that timetable.
7/8/10—Here are maps of the oil spill’s spread as forecasted for the next three days.
7/8/10—Religious leaders have called the oil disaster a “sin.”
7/9/10–The oil disaster has spurred many legislative proposals in Washington.
7/9/10–A Navy blimp meant to spot the spread of oil on the sea will soon begin flying.
7/9/10–The government remains doubtful of the more hopeful BP estimates that well can be capped by the end of this month.
7/10/10—BP has removed the cap over the leak in an effort to contain the spill at some point next week. Though it is important to remember that this will contain the newly leaking oil and not the oil that has already leaked.
7/10/10—The son of Jacques Cousteau, Jean-Michel Cousteau, says BP has been in error in using dispersants on the oil in the ocean.
7/11/10—The effort to cap the well in a way that would contain the oil until the more lasting solution of a relief well is completed is moving on schedule.
7/11/10—Computer models show that the oil may reach up the east coast.
7/12/10—The new boss of government oil regulation says he will be willing to throw oil executives in jail if that is what is required. I think we’ll need to see that happen before it can be believed.
7/12/10—For the moment at least, the oil disaster has not made people more environmentally aware.
7/12/10—The leak may soon be capped.
7/13/10–The artificial islands that Louisiana Governor Bobby Jindal felt would be a good idea to block the oil from the shore are already failing.
7/13/10–BP’s partners on the Deepwater Horizon well are refusing to help pay for the clean up. It’s always about money instead of doing the correct thing.
7/13/10–Is the government holding back key data about the extent of the spill?
7/14/10–BP has delayed the tests that would confirm the capping of the well.
7/14/10–The daily update from the State of Florida has a lot of information about the state of the spill as a whole. It is interesting to check out.
7/14/10–Here are where things stand as of 3 PM central on July 14. The government has concerns that what BP is doing to fix the well may in fact make things worse.
7/14/10—Tests to cap the flow have begun. This is as of 11:15 PM central time.
7/15/10–The test for the cap is moving ahead.
7/15/10—The latest report on the spill’s impact on Florida tourism.
7/15/10–The oil leak has been stopped.
(Below–Mississippi River Delta without oil.)