War Hero Dorie Miller
The above poster is of Dorie Miller.
Here is what it says about Mr. Miller in Portrait of a Nation–Men and Women Who Have Shaped America—
” At the outbreak of World War II, the armed services practiced a rigid discrimination against African Americans that included a stubborn reluctance to acknowledge black capabilities, no matter how obvious. When Japan attacked Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941, Miller was stationed there on the West Virginia. ….By the time he abandoned ship, he had braved enemy fire to carry his wounded commanding officer to safety and, thought not trained for combat, had manned an antiaircraft gun, possibly downing at least one enemy plane. His bravery initially went unrecognized, however, and only after much pressure from the nation’s black press did Miller finally receive the Navy Cross. But once acknowledged, Miller’s heroism became a means, through posters such as this one, for rallying African-Americans to the war effort.”
Mr. Miller was killed when the ship he serving on was sunk in 1943. This was in the Battle of Tarawa.
Mr. Miller grew up in Waco, Texas.
A navy ship was named after Mr. Miller in 1973.
Here is additional information on Cook Third Class Miller from the the Navy Department’s Naval Historical Center .
The artist of the poster above was David Stone Martin who lived 1913-1992.
Mr. Martin drew posters, magazine covers and album covers. This link to the blog LP Cover Lover is of many creative covers Mr. Stone drew for jazz albums.
The Portrait of a Nation book is first-rate. It was produced by the National Portrait Gallery.